The Italian mastiff dog we also known it as the Italian corso or cane corso. Its name derives from the Latin “cohors” which means “protector, guardian of the corral”. And it is one of the most imposing breeds of molossian dogs that currently exist. If you are thinking of adopting a cane corso, it will be essential that you know the curiosities of the Italian mastiff. In this way, you can guarantee an adequate adaptation to your home.
Origin of the Italian mastiff.
This dog descends directly from the dog Roman Molossian, known as canis pugnax, a huge molossian that was used in the first century as a war dog. He worked alongside warriors in various battles, and was an excellent watchdog. It was also very common to see this dog in the coliseums, fighting bears, lions and other wild animals that mattered to the European continent.
The Italian mastiff became a popular dog in Italy, common among the working class, although at one time its population was reduced considerably, leaving few specimens in the province of Apulia. And they were used mainly to monitor the farms, and in the grazing of flocks, a task that he performed with great excellence. In the year of 1970 the systematic breeding of this breed began again.
Physical characteristics of the Italian mastiff
Continuing with the curiosities of the Italian mastiff, we can say that it is an elegant dog of large size, very robust and strong. Males can measure from 64 to 68 centimeters and weigh about 45 to 50 kilograms; while the female, measures between 60 to 64 centimeters and weighs 40 to 50 kilograms.
The head is wide and slightly convex in its anterior part. The nose is black and the muzzle notoriously shorter than the skull. The eyes are medium, ovoid-shaped, slightly protruding and dark in color. The ears are triangular, hanging and high insertion. Traditionally they are amputees, although this cruel custom is gradually disappearing and is even illegal in many countries.
The body of the Italian mastiff dog is strong and robust, but it is not fat. On the contrary, the cane corso is one of the most elegant doges that exist in the world. The top line is straight and very muscular. The chest is wide, deep and long. The tail is high insertion and very thick at the base.
The coat is dense, shiny and short. It has an inner layer of thin hair. It can be black, different shades of gray, red or brindle.
Character of the Italian mastiff
Another of the curiosities of the Italian mastiff is its character; it is an independent dog, generally territorial and very protective. She creates a very close bond with her relatives, especially the children, whom she cares for and protects. Unlike other dogs of these characteristics, the Italian mastiff is exceptionally patient and careful, monitoring the movements with the little ones so as not to harm them. It is also a very athletic dog, loves to exercise, so it is ideal for active families and with experience in basic obedience and dog handling. But at home it is usually quite quiet.
He is distant with strangers and is usually very self-confident. Let’s not forget that this description may vary depending on the education the dog receives.
Care of the Italian mastiff
This breed of dog is very simple to care for, since we will not need to dedicate long hours for its maintenance. However, it is important to know some basic details to know what to keep in mind before adopting an Italian mastiff.
To begin with, it will be basic to brush it weekly, in this way the dead hair is eliminated. Use short, soft barbed brushes, so as not to cause damage to your skin. On the other hand, it is recommended to bathe the dog every one or three months, depending on the level of dirt, to avoid damaging the natural protective layer of its skin.
Although it is not an exaggeratedly active dog, the cane corso needs long daily walks to maintain its muscles and release the accumulated stress of the body. Three daily walks are recommended, of about 30 minutes each, and even do a little additional exercise.
It is recommended that the Italian mastiff live in rural environments where they can exercise and show their natural behavior. However, it is not a dog that must live outside, its coat is very thin and sensitive to calluses. You must have a fluffy bed at all times.
Education of the Italian mastiff.
Continuing with the curiosities of the Italian mastiff; you should know that it is very important to start the education of this dog between the third and twelfth week of life. We will teach you to inhibit the bite, socialize you with people, animals and environments of all kinds and initiate you in basic obedience: sit still, lie down or come here. Remember that, a properly socialized and educated Italian mastiff can be a good companion and will tolerate strangers well, both human and canine.
However, one who has not received the correct socialization and education can be extremely territorial, distrustful and even aggressive towards people and other dogs. For this reason, it is widely recommended that the Italian mastiff be adopted by people who already have some experience in handling large dogs.
The training of this breed of dog is not difficult, if it is done correctly and using positive reinforcement. Training methods where punishment is used, are very counterproductive to train this breed; since they generate fear and unwanted behaviors in the animal.
Health of cane corso
It is important to check the state of health of the Italian mastiff on a regular basis. For this it is advisable to go to the veterinarian every 6 or 12 months; so that they perform a complete examination with which any health problem in the dog can be ruled out. It will also be essential to follow the vaccination schedule of the dog and deworming (internal and external) following the instructions of the professional.
- In addition, this breed is prone to suffer from the following diseases:
- Elbow dysplasia
- Hip dysplasia
- Gastric torsion
- Vaginal hyperplasia
- Breathing problems
- Heat stroke
- Glandular hypertrophy
- Demodex scabies sprouts at birth
However, if you correctly follow the instructions we have shown you and have good care of your dog cane corso, you can enjoy between 10 and 14 years of life.